A design period which glorified and enforced the rule of the King of France by the same name between 1643 and 1715. The style includes three distinct periods. The first third of the period drew heavy influence from Italian Baroque design and the style of the previous king, Louis XIII, employing large, masculine, symmetrical forms. Mahogany and oak were favored as materials. As the period continued, the style became more classically ostentatious and decorative and was characterized by large, ornately carved, gilt pieces. The end of the period popularized ironwork and marquetry as finishing techniques, employed a variety of fantastical forms, and included arabesque, coquille, and grotesque designs. This period also saw the popularization of several common furniture varieties, including the commode, console table, and canape sofa, among others.