A desk popular in late 17th-century England and France distinguished by its sloping fall-front. Derived from the French word bureau or office, the original form, the bureau plat, was a flat covered table with drawers below the top. The flap is hinged at the base and rests on lopers when open, folding up at an angle when closed. Over time, the bureau as a form evolved into a kneehole desk with sets of drawers on each side and a single center drawer. Many renditions of the bureau were used in combination with bookcases or highboys. In America, the term bureau is also used to describe a bedroom chest-of-drawers.